Ryogoku Bridge, Sumida River, c. 1910.
Yanebune on the Sumida River, c. 1910.
“About 1886 Vincent van Gogh, inspired by the great wave of Japonism sweeping over Europe, made a copy in oil of a woodblock print done by Ando Hiroshige in 1857. It showed Ohashi, the great bridge across the Sumida River in Edo.
“At the very time van Gogh was being charmed by this quaint wooden structure and the print’s unusual perspective, the Japanese were replacing such bridges (or their early Western substitutes) with metal truss bridges. Japanese woodblock artists were equally advanced in the way they depicted the first iron bridge across the Sumida, Azumabashi, completed in 1887. They drew its vertical posts and diagonal eyebars in Western perspective and for good measure populated the walkway with ladies in bustles and the deck with top-hatted gentlemen in carriages.
“Before the end of Meiji, Tokyo built four more large metal truss bridges across the Sumida, an engineering feat reminiscent of the city’s earlier experiment, the red brick Ginza … For Meiji Tokyo still lived along its waterways, and the bridges, built on the sites of Edo bridges or ferries, continued to link neighborhoods on either side of the Sumida together in the vibrant, lower-class world inherited from Edo called shitamachi (‘low city’). Local geisha participated, naturally enough, in the festive opening of the new Azumabashi. It served the pleasure quarter of Asakusa on one side and a beer factory on the other.”
– Meiji Revisited: The Sites of Victorian Japan, by Dallas Finn, 1995