Imperial Palace Gates, c. 1905
Imperial Palace panorama, c. 1920
“The Imperial Household Department is under the control of the Minister of the Imperial Household, who, in addition to supervising all affairs relating to the Imperial Household, and controlling all officials in his department and the Peers of the realm and of Chosen, has authority to recommend the revision or abolition of the Imperial Household Law, lay down bye-laws relative to the enforcement of the Imperial Household Law, issue decrees relating to the affairs in his jurisdiction, issue instructions or orders to local authorities, carry out Imperial commends relating to honours, gifts, or donations, take charge of the appointment of the ofﬁcials in the department, recommend to the Throne the grant of Court ranks to the officials in the department and Peers of the realm and Chosen, create various commissions or boards in the department for the deliberation of matters in his jurisdiction, sign all documents or announcements stipulated by the Imperial Household Law, or report important affairs concerning the Imperial Household, and supervise the accounts of the Imperial Household.
“In the Imperial Household Department the Vice-Minister is appointed as Lieutenant to the Minister of the Household. In some matters he can act as deputy for the Minister of the Household.”
– Japan in the Taisho Era: In Commemoration of the Enthronement, Iwata Nishizawa, 1917