Horikiri Shobuen (Sweet Flag Iris Garden), c. 1910.

1910sAmusements & RecreationsNotable LandmarkParks & Gardens
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Horikiri at Tokyo, c. 1910.

“A very special use of Japanese irises in Japan is the ritual of enjoying what is known as ‘the Act’.

“Hirao explains that this dates back to the mid-nineteenth century when, in selecting their seedlings, growers became fascinated by the mystery of the movement or act of the flower in opening. During its three-day life the petals enlarge ceaselessly until the afternoon of the third day, with the appearance of the flower changing hour after hour. A true Japanese lover of this ritual will meditate and watch the Act as the beautiful flower slowly opens. Watching a flower in this way leaves an impression that lasts a lifetime.”

The Japanese Iris, Currier McEwen, 1990

Tokyo public parks & gardens, c. 1910.

In what was still the village of Horikiri, located a few miles outside the old city limits of Tokyo but still within easy jinrikisha distance, was to be found what is perhaps the oldest and most famous Iris garden in the world. One hundred and twenty-some years ago a certain well-to-do Japanese farmer, Kodaka Izayemon, in making a journey to the foot of Mount Fuji, brought back with him a specimen of the Iris growing there. With this and two other specimens procured from different places he formed the nucleus of the garden which was to grow into what is now Horikiri Shobu-en [sweet flag iris garden]. Two samurai chanced to visit his garden, and their reports attracted others, until finally the fame of the garden reached the ear of the reigning shogun himself who came in person to see it.

The long, long journey have I traveled across the countries,
Far away from my old home in the capital of flowers,
Where my sweetheart must be longing for my return,
Wrapped in the bed clothe embroidered with irises.

– from Ise Monogatari

Various views of Horikiri Iris Garden

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