“Despite the unevenness of [its earliest sound films, beginning with Hometown (Fujiwara yoshie no furusato) in 1929], Nikkatsu finally saw the light and began to take sound seriously.
“After making its first talkie of genuine value – Tomotaka Tasaka’s Spring and a Girl (Haru to musume), with a script by Murata and Kajiro Yamamoto – Nikkatsu and the Photo Chemical Laboratories parted company. The latter, at first working with a post-recording sound method even now much used, decided to produce films on its own. Nikkatsu, having its own studios, contracted with Western Electric for its sound system.
“The American company was in a position to talk business since, just the year before, it had sent equipment and American technicians over to the small Oriental Company, an independent [studio] which had some backing from Paramount. The Americans engineers, however, had not had enough experience: there was both delay and loss and after only one picture the company failed.
“Western Electric, with expensive equipment going unused in Japan, was eager to come to terms with almost anyone, and when the contract was finally signed, in 1933, Nikkatsu owned the best-quality recording equipment available at the time.”
– The Japanese Film: Art and Industry, by Joseph L. Anderson & Donald Richie, 2018