Russo-Japanese War (1904-1905)
“During a relatively short but bloody land and naval campaign between February 1904 and September 1905, Japanese forces proved victorious, although at a great cost in terms of lives and economic hardship. The Russo-Japanese War has been called the first major international conflict of the [twentieth] century. As well as gaining territory, Japan now became one of the great powers.
“… At the height of Western imperialism, Japan’s victory against Russia had a profound effect on nationalists living under colonial rule. In his memoirs the future Indian Prime Minister Jaharwal Nehru recalled his excitement at a rising Asian state defeating a major European power. The Indian Nobel laureate Rabindranath Tagore wrote a Japanese-style poem to celebrate the victory. In the Islamic world Japan was seen as a role model for those seeking independence as well as religious reform and revival.”
– Asian Treasures: Gems of the Written Word, National Library of Australia, 2011